Istanbul was historically known as both Byzantium and Constantinople and is the largest city of Turkey and the 3rd largest city in Europe after London and Moscow.. Istanbul’s extended metropolitan areas have nearly 19 million inhabitants which is 22% of Turkey’s population. after London and Moscow. Istanbul is one of the world’s megacities, as well as the cultural, economic, and financial centre of Turkey.
All of that means finding the best hotels on the European side of Istanbul can be quite challenging because there are a lot to choose from. Istanbul is located on the Bosphorus Strait and also includes the natural harbour known as the Golden Horn. Istanbul is the only metropolis in the world that is situated on two continents. Istanbul is a designated alpha world city.
During its long history, Istanbul has served as the capital of the Roman Empire (330–395), the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire (395–1204 and 1261–1453), the Latin Empire (1204–1261), and the Ottoman Empire (1453–1922). Istanbul was chosen as a joint European Capital of Culture for 2010 and the European Capital of Sports for 2012. Istanbul is currently bidding to host the 2020 Summer Olympics. The historic areas of the city were added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1985. The city covers 39 districts of the Istanbul province.